The thousand injuries of Fortunato
had borne as I best could; but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge.
You, who so well know the nature of my soul, will not suppose, however,
that I gave utterance to a threat. At length I would be avenged;
this was a point definitely settled--but the very definitiveness with which
it was resolved precluded the idea of risk. I must not only punish, but
punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes
its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make
himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong.
It must be understood that neither by word nor deed had I given Fortunato
cause to doubt my good-will. I continued, as was my wont, to smile in his
face, and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his
He had a weak point--this Fortunato--although in other regards he was
a man to be respected and even feared. He prided himself on his connoisseurship
in wine. Few Italians have the true virtuoso spirit. For the most part
their enthusiasm is adopted to suit the time and opportunity--to practise
imposture upon the British and Austrian millionaires. In painting and gemmary,
Fortunato, like his countrymen, was a quack--but in the matter of old wines
he was sincere. In this respect I did not differ from him materially: I
was skillful in the Italian vintages myself, and bought largely whenever
It was about dusk, one evening during the supreme madness of the carnival
season, that I encountered my friend. He accosted me with excessive warmth,
for he had been drinking much. The man wore motley. He had on a tight-fitting
party-striped dress, and his head was surmounted by the conical cap and
bells. I was so pleased to see him that I thought I should never have done
wringing his hand.
I said to him: "My dear Fortunato, you are luckily met. How remarkably
well you are looking to-day! But I have received a pipe of what passes
for Amontillado, and I have my doubts."
"How?" said he. "Amontillado? A pipe? Impossible! And in the middle
of the carnival!"
"I have my doubts," I replied; "and I was silly enough to pay the full
Amontillado price without consulting you in the matter. You were not to
be found, and I was fearful of losing a bargain."
"I have my doubts."
"And I must satisfy them."
"As you are engaged, I am on my way to Luchesi. If any one has a critical
turn, it is he. He will tell me-- "
"Luchesi cannot tell Amontillado from Sherry."
"And yet some fools will have it that his taste is a match for your
"Come, let us go."
"To your vaults."
"My friend, no. I will not impose upon your good nature. I perceive
you have an engagement. Luchesi--"
"I have no engagement--come."
"My friend, no. It is not the engagement, but the severe cold with which
I perceive you are afflicted. The vaults are insufferably damp, They are
encrusted with nitre."
"Let us go, nevertheless. The cold is merely nothing. Amontillado! You
have been imposed upon. And as for Luchesi, he cannot distinguish Sherry
Thus speaking, Fortunato possessed himself of my arm. Putting on a mask
of black silk, and drawing a roquelaure closely about my person, I suffered
him to hurry me to my palazzo.
There were no attendants at home; they had absconded to make merry in
honour of the time. I had told them that I should not return until the
morning, and had given them explicit orders not to stir from the house.
These orders were sufficient, I well knew, to insure their immediate disappearance,
one and all, as soon as my back was turned.
I took from their sconces two flambeaux, and giving one to Fortunato,
bowed him through several suites of rooms to the archway that led into
the vaults. I passed down a long and winding staircase, requesting him
to be cautious as he followed. We came at length to the foot of the descent,
and stood together on the damp ground of the catacombs of the Montresors.
The gait of my friend was unsteady, and the bells upon his cap jingled
as he strode.
"The pipe," said he.
"It is farther on," said I; "but observe the white webwork which gleams
from these cavern walls."
He turned towards me, and looked into my eyes with two filmy orbs that
distilled the rheum of intoxication.
"Nitre?" he asked, at length.
"Nitre," I replied. "How long have you had that cough?"
"Ugh! ugh! ugh!--ugh! ugh! ugh!--ugh! ugh! ugh!--ugh! ugh! ugh! ugh!
My poor friend found it impossible to reply. for many minutes.
"It is nothing," he said at last.
"Come," I said, with decision, "we will go back; your health is precious.
You are rich, respected, admired, beloved; you are happy, as once I was.
You are a man to be missed. For me it is no matter. We will go back; you
will be ill, and I cannot be responsible. Besides, there is Luchesi--"
"Enough," he said: "the cough is a mere nothing; it will not kill me.
I shall not die of a cough."
"True--true." I replied; "and indeed, I had no intention of alarming
you unnecessarily--but you should use all proper caution. A draught of
this Medoc will defend us from the damps."
Here I knocked off the neck of a bottle which I drew from a long row
of its fellows that lay upon the mould.
"Drink," I said, presenting him the wine.
He raised it to his lips with a leer. He paused and nodded to me familiarly,
while his bells jingled.
"I drink," he said, "to the buried that repose around us."
"And I to your long life."
He again took my arm, and we proceeded.
"These vaults," he said, "are extensive."
"The Montresors," I replied, "were a great and numerous family."
"I forget your arms."
"A huge human foot d'or, in a field azure; the foot crushes a serpent
rampant whose fangs are embedded in the heel."
"And the motto?"
"Nemo me impune lacessit."
"Good!" he said.
The wine sparkled in his eyes and the bells jingled. My own fancy grew
warm with the Medoc. We had passed through walls of piled bones, with casks
and puncheons intermingling, into the inmost recesses of the catacombs.
I paused again, and this time I made bold to seize Fortunato by an arm
above the elbow.
"The nitre!" I said; "see, it increases. It hangs like moss upon the
vaults. We are below the river's bed. The drops of moisture trickle among
the bones. Come, we will go back ere it is too late. Your cough-- "
"It is nothing," he said; "let us go on. But first, another draught
of the Medoc."
I broke and reached him a flagon of De Grâve. He emptied it at
a breath. His eyes flashed with a fierce light. He laughed, and threw the
bottle upward with a gesticulation I did not understand.
I looked at him in surprise. He repeated the movement--a grotesque one.
"You do not comprehend?" he said.
"Not I," I replied.
"Then you are not of the brotherhood."
"You are not of the masons."
"Yes, yes," I said, "yes, yes."
"You? Impossible! A mason?"
"A mason," I replied.
"A sign," he said.
"It is this," I answered, producing a trowel from beneath the folds
of my roquelaure.
"You jest," he exclaimed, recoiling a few paces. "But let us proceed
to the Amontillado."
"Be it so," I said, replacing the tool beneath the cloak, and again
offering him my arm. He leaned upon it heavily. We continued our route
in search of the Amontillado. We passed through a range of low arches,
descended, passed on, and, descending again, arrived at a deep crypt, in
which the foulness of the air caused our flambeaux rather to glow than
At the most remote end of the crypt there appeared another less spacious.
Its walls had been lined with human remains, piled to the vault overhead,
in the fashion of the great catacombs of Paris. Three sides of this interior
crypt were still ornamented in this manner. From the fourth the bones had
been thrown down, and lay promiscuously upon the earth, forming at one
point a mound of some size. Within the wall thus exposed by the displacing
of the bones we perceived a still interior recess, in depth about four
feet, in width three, in height six or seven. It seemed to have been constructed
for no especial use within itself, but formed merely the interval between
two of the colossal supports of the roof of the catacombs, and was backed
by one of their circumscribing walls of solid granite.
It was in vain that Fortunate, uplifting his dull torch, endeavored
to pry into the depth of the recess. Its termination the feeble light did
not enable us to see.
"Proceed," I said; "herein is the Amontillado. As for Luchesi--"
"He is an ignoramus," interrupted my friend, as he stepped unsteadily
forward, while I followed immediately at his heels. In an instant he had
reached the extremity of the niche, and finding his progress arrested by
the rock, stood stupidly bewildered. A moment more and I had fettered him
to the granite. In its surface were two iron staples, distant from each
other about two feet, horizontally. From one of these depended a short
chain, from the other a padlock. Throwing the links about his waist, it
was but the work of a few seconds to secure it. He was too much astounded
to resist. Withdrawing the key, I stepped back from the recess.
"Pass your hand," I said, "over the wall; you cannot help feeling the
nitre. Indeed it is very damp. Once more let me implore you
to return. No? Then I must positively leave you. But I must first render
you all the little attentions in my power."
"The Amontillado!" ejaculated my friend, not yet recovered from his
"True," I replied; "the Amontillado."
As I said these words I busied myself among the pile of bones of which
I have before spoken. Throwing them aside, I soon uncovered a quantity
of building-stone and mortar. With these materials and with the aid of
my trowel, I began vigorously to wall up the entrance of the niche.
I had scarcely laid the first tier of the masonry when I discovered
that the intoxication of Fortunato had in a great measure worn off. The
earliest indication I had of this was a low moaning cry from the depth
of the recess. It was not the cry of a drunken man. There was then
a long and obstinate silence. I laid the second tier, and the third, and
the fourth; and then I heard the furious vibrations of the chain. The noise
lasted for several minutes, during which, that I might hearken to it with
the more satisfaction, I ceased my labours and sat down upon the bones.
When at last the clanking subsided, I resumed the trowel, and finished
without interruption the fifth, the sixth, and the seventh tier. The wall
was now nearly upon a level with my breast. I again paused, and holding
the flambeaux over the masonwork, threw a few feeble rays upon the figure
A succession of loud and shrill screams, bursting suddenly from the
throat of the chained form, seemed to thrust me violently back. For a brief
moment I hesitated--I trembled. Unsheathing my rapier, I began to grope
with it about the recess; but the thought of an instant reassured me. I
placed my hand upon the solid fabric of the catacombs, and felt satisfied.
I reapproached the wall. I replied to the yells of him who clamoured. I
reëchoed--I aided--I surpassed them in volume and in strength. I did
this, and the clamourer grew still.
It was now midnight, and my task was drawing to a close. I had completed
the eighth, the ninth, and the tenth tier. I had finished a portion of
the last and the eleventh; there remained but a single stone to be fitted
and plastered in. I struggled with its weight; I placed it partially in
its destined position. But now there came from out the niche a low laugh
that erected the hairs upon my head. It was succeeded by a sad voice, which
I had difficulty in recognising as that of the noble Fortunato. The voice
"Ha! ha! ha!--he! he! he!--a very good joke indeed--an excellent jest.
We will have many a rich laugh about it at the palazzo--he! he! he!--over
our wine--he! he! he!"
"The Amontillado!" I said.
"He! he! he!--he! he! he!--yes, the Amontillado. But is it not getting
late? Will not they be awaiting us at the palazzo--the Lady Fortunato and
the rest? Let us be gone."
"Yes," I said, "let us be gone."
"For the love of God, Montresor!"
"Yes," I said, "for the love of God!"
But to these words I hearkened in vain for a reply. I grew impatient.
I called aloud:
No answer. I called again:
No answer still. I thrust a torch through the remaining aperture and
let it fall within. There came forth in return only a jingling of the bells.
My heart grew sick--on account of the dampness of the catacombs. I hastened
to make an end of my labour. I forced the last stone into its position;
I plastered it up. Against the new masonry I reërected the old rampart
of bones. For the half of a century no mortal has disturbed them. In
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .